Sharfuddin Yahya Maneri

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Makhdoom Shaykh Sharfuddin Ahmed Bin Yahya Maneri (1263-1381) popularly known as Makhdoom-e-Jahan or Makhdoom-ul-Mulk Bihar was an Islamic scholar, writer and Sufi saint. He was a follower of Firdausiyya order, an offshoot of Suhrawardiyya order of Sufism and was a spiritual student of Peer Shaykh Najeebuddin Firdausi. He was the great-grandson of Imam Muhammad Taj Faqih Hashmi, who reached India and defeated King of Maner along with Momin Arif, the first Muslim to reach Bihar.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Shaykh was born on 26 Shaban 661 Hijri same as in the year 1263 in Maner Sharif, a small town near Patna to Shaykh Kamaluddin Yahya Maneri and daughter of Syed Shahabuddin Suhrawardi Peer Jagjot Balkhi, a sufi saint of Suhrawardiyya order and is buried at Kachchi Dargah, Patna. He was born in the Khanqah built by his great-grandfather Imam Muhammad Taj Faqih Hashmi at Maner Sharif. His birth place is secured and marked as a holy place.

During his birth, Sultan Naseeruddin Mehmood was the emperor of Delhi.

Name[edit | edit source]

His name was Ahmed and Sharfuddin was his given title. He added Yahya as the family name to his name, after his father’s name.

Family tree from father side[1][edit | edit source]

  1. Shaykh Sharfuddin Ahmed Yahya Maneri
  2. Shaykh Kamaluddin Yahya Maneri
  3. Shaykh Israil Hashmi Maneri
  4. Imam Muhammad Taj Faqih Hashmi
  5. Imam Abu Bakr
  6. Imam Abul Lais
  7. Imam Abu Sahma
  8. Abudeen
  9. Imam Abu Mas’ood
  10. Imam Abuzar
  11. Zubair
  12. Abdul Mutallib
  13. Hashim

Family tree from mother side[2][edit | edit source]

  1. Shaykh Sharfuddin Yahya Maneri
  2. Bibi Raziya
  3. Makhdoom Syed Shahabuddin Peer Jagjot Balkhi Suhrawardi
  4. Syed Muhammad
  5. Syed Ahmed
  6. Syed Naseeruddin
  7. Syed Yousuf
  8. Syed Hasan
  9. Syed Kasim
  10. Syed Moosa
  11. Syed Hamza
  12. Syed Daood
  13. Syed Ruknuddin
  14. Syed Qutubuddin
  15. Syed Ishaq
  16. Syed Ismaeel
  17. Imam Jafar Sadiq
  18. Imam Muhammad Baqir
  19. Imam Zainul Abdeen
  20. Imam Hussain
  21. Bibi Fatima
  22. Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa Sallallahu Alayhi Ta’Aala Wasallam

Education[edit | edit source]

Makhdoom-e-Jahan had his early education under his father Kamaluddin Yahya Maneri and Shah Ruknuddin Marginani.[3]

He left Maner at the only age of 12, to study and to gain knowledge abroad about Islam and Arabic, Persian, Logic and Philosophy. He reached and been under the guidance of Ashraf-Uddin Abu Towama Bukhari, a famous teacher based in Sonargaon (now in Dhaka, Bangladesh). He has been under the guidance of Towama Bukhari for more than 24 years and then came back to the region of Bihar and stayed at Bihar Sharif's most popular place Badi Dargah.[3]

Sufism[edit | edit source]

After the completion of his studies he went to Delhi, which was then known as the centre of sufism to became a disciple of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya in sufism, but Hazrat Nizamuddin asked him to contact Khwaja Najibuddin because you’re written in his ‘Kismat’.[3]

Silsila-e-Firdausiyya[edit | edit source]

Maneri went to Hazrat Najibuddin with a low mood after being rejected by Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya. He reached and just saw a sight of Hazrat Najibuddin and got shiverings, it was the first-ever shiverings Maneri got. Maneri became a Mureed of Hazrat Najibuddin and got the Khilafat there, and Hazrat Najibuddin said, i have prepared your Khilafatnama 12 years ago.[3]

Personal life[edit | edit source]

He refused to marry in his life, but he later married Bibi Badaam, Daughter of Abu Tawama after falling ill. They had a son Shaykh Zakiuddin, who was born in 1289, who lived and died in Bengal.

Successors[edit | edit source]

  • Khwaja Shaykh Ishaque Maghrabi, he was a sufi saint who is buried at Matokhar Dargah in the Sheikhp District of Bihar.
  • Shaykh Shah Shuaib Firdausi Sheikhpurvi, an Indian sufi saint who is known as the one who established Sheikhpura district of Bihar during the 14th century. He was the son of Shaykh Jamaluddin Yahya Maneri, uncle of Sharafuddin Yahya Maneri.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Ansaab-e-Sharfi page number 28-29
  2. Ansab-e-Sharfi page 30-31
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Munemi, Syed Shah Shamimuddin Makhdoom-e-Jahan page 6, 12-13